Encaustic Cement Tiles
Encaustic cement tiles are the new development amongst architects and interior designers. Encaustic cement tiles often known as cement tile, encaustic tile, french cement tile, spanish cement tile, mosaico hidraulico, carreaux ciment. Within the mid-19th century, a revolutionary method was discovered to mass produce tiles with out the need for firing to harden them. This new technique involved the usage of a hydraulic press and mold to apply a multi-coloured pattern.
The nice benefit of this method was that the tiles could possibly be manufactured in one go. This in distinction to the standard approach to supply ceramic tiles that involved the appliance of every shade individually and repeated firing -a labor-intensive and time consuming follow.’ Hydraulic tiles’ were merely left to dry for some weeks after pressing.
Hydraulic tiles are 2cm thick and encompass three layers. The top layers is decorated floor, about 4mm thick made from a mixture of white Portland cement, marble powder, wonderful sand and mineral base pigments. For every colour, the pigments had been blended with water and positioned within the corresponding section of a mold. The second layer, the intermediate layer, is about the identical thickness as the highest layer and product of a mixture of gray Portland and fantastic sand; its function was to absorb the surplus of water from the highest layer.
The third layer is roughly 12 mm thick and was manufactured from a mixture of gray Portland cement, regular cement, sand and limestone powder; its porosity made it simple for the tiles to adhere to the flooring throughout set up.
The primary reference to a producer of any such tiles is the manufacturing facility “Butsems Compania” in 1857. On the 1867 Paris Universal Exposition, hydraulic tiles have been introduced by Barcelona primarily based Garret, “Rivet Compania”. Later on ,”the company Orsola “, “Sola y compania ” was established, which made the sort of tiles popular in Barcelona. Thanks to its trendy equipment and capacity for mass manufacturing.
One other outstanding manufacturer is Escofet, ” Fortuny i compania”, founded in 1886, which was quickly noted for its innovative, Artwork Nouveau-type designs, and whose rapid enlargement all through Spain and Latin America contributed to creating this sort of flooring so fashionable.
The popularity of hydraulic tiles fortuitously coincided with the rise of Modernismo, the local model of Art Nouveau; revolutionary, daring designs were created that would have been unthinkable I other intervals. Many factories had specialised draughtsmen on workers, and sometimes commissioned outstanding artists to design tiles.
A wide variety of designs components have been employed: geometrical shapes, stylized floral, vegetal and other organic motifs, and on rare occasions, animals or human figures. The most generally used colours had been shades of: maroon, green, pink, yellow, brown, cream, grey, white and black, although different colours comparable to purple, blue, orange and even purple could be discovered. The tiles have been made in variety of sizes and shapes; the commonest is squares measuring 20×20 cm and hexagons with every aspect measuring 11.5 cm.
The designs devised to create a flooring pattern using hydraulic tiles typically bear some similarity to carpet design: a central panel consisting of a repeated pattern, framed by tiles with a length -smart repeating design with matching corner pieces. The design can be complemented by an outer border, product of plain tiles in delicate colors, these elaborated design “carpet” had been mainly used in the rooms in the main part of the house, such because the entryway, the residing room, dining room, bathroom and patios. Within the secondary quarters, designs tended to be easier.
The development growth in the 1960’s required buildings supplies to be manufactured more economically and hindered the customary give attention to quality. Thus, hydraulic tiles steadily stopped being used. hitler world tour shirt As since older buildings have been torn down or remodeled hitler world tour shirt ,many beautiful mosaics have disappeared. So, though still a well-recognized sight, there is a threat of this elaborated art to vanish. Thankfully, lately some construction companies and interior designers have as soon as again shown an curiosity in hydraulic tiles, viewing it as an attractive an excessive-quality alternative to trendy industrial merchandise.